For starters, OHSAS stands for Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series. OHSAS 18001 specifications were first issued in the year 1999, to permit organizations assess themselves against the OH&S risks prevailing within their workplace and obtain themselves certified. However throughout the intervening period the ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 standards underwent revisions. The OHSAS specifications were due for revision from that point onwards. Initial meeting of group was kept in Oct 2006 and SECOND DRAFT was proposed in Nov 2006. Second meeting was kept in China in March 2007 and comments from 40 countries were reviewed. The Typical (not the specifications) was issued in July 2007. There were some key modifications in the regular that has appear in July 2007. Changes have been done basically to align the ohsas 18001 with QMS (ISO 9001:2005) and EMS (ISO 14001:2004). Prime intention is always to facilitate organizations to move towards Integrated Management system, if they want to move in that direction. Key focus areas from the revised standard are:
2. Tolerable risk and acceptable risk.
3. Accident and Incident.
4. Hazard and Risk assessment process.
5. Treatments for change.
6. Compliance evaluation and OH&S performance.
7. Necessity for continual improvement.
8. Workplace or ‘Place of work’.
Health and well being of employees is amongst the two strong focus areas from the OHSAS standard. The establishment of OH&S system comprising of Policy, Planning, Implementation and Operation, Checking and dexypky82 action and Management review is the fundamental step. The definition of Occupational health and safety as per standard OHSAS 18001:2007 “conditions and factors which affect, or could affect, the safety and health of employees or some other workers (including temporary workers and contractor personnel), visitors, or any other person in the workplace.”
Above definition illustrated in 2007 standard now includes “conditions and factors which could modify the health and safety of employees or some other workers”. Emphasis can also be in the conditions and factors which are presently not receiving focus or raising concerns but are more likely to impact the safety and health in due course . Another, key change depicting strong center on health is meaning of workplace. Place of work has now become workplace . The definition of workplace as given in the standard is ” any physical location by which work related activities are performed under the charge of Organization”. The ambit has widened and today includes personnel traveling, in transit, working at premises of the client or customer or working in your house.” It is a landmark change. With changing working environment, economic conditions and our transgression to border less world, the OH&S management system definitely has widened and covers each of the activities in the influence.